A revocation to this notice was published on 9 February 2022, Notice No. 2022-go383.

Notice Type
Notice Title

Unsafe Goods (Inclined Infant Sleep Products) Amendment Notice 2020

This notice is issued pursuant to section 31 of the Fair Trading Act 1986 and declares inclined infant sleep products to be unsafe goods.


1. Title

This notice is the Unsafe Goods (Inclined Infant Sleep Products) Notice 2020.

2. Purpose

The purpose of this notice is to mitigate the risk of infant deaths attributed to the use of inclined infant sleep products.

3. Commencement

(1) This notice comes into force on the date of publication in the New Zealand Gazette.

(2) This notice may be amended or revoked by notice in the New Zealand Gazette.

4. Application

(1) This notice applies to the supply of, or offer to supply, or advertisement to supply, inclined infant sleep products.

(2) For the avoidance of doubt, this notice does not apply to—

  1. child restraints such as car seats or capsules, being products designed for the transport of children and that comply with the Land Transport (Road User) Rule 2004;
  2. wheeled products designed to transport children, such as prams or strollers;
  3. products that are designed to carry an infant on the body of another person, such as slings and baby carriers;
  4. products with an adjustable incline, where every angle designed, intended or marketed for sleep is equal to or less than seven degrees from the horizontal;
  5. products that are:
    1. designed, intended and marketed only for play and/or the amusement of infants and young children, such as bouncers and play seats; and
    2. not designed, intended, marketed, or containing any representation that they are suitable for sleep.

(3) For the purposes of paragraph 4(2)e.ii., the warning statements set out in the European Standard EN 12790:2009 Child use and care articles – Reclined cradles, or warning statements that include the phrase or part phrase “not for prolonged periods of sleeping”, do not constitute a representation that a product is suitable for sleep when:

  1. marked on the product; and/or
  2. included in the instructions for use.

5. Interpretation

In this notice, unless the context requires otherwise,—

infant means a child under one year of age

inclined infant sleep product means any product—

    1. which is intended to contain an infant; and
    2. which is designed, intended, marketed, or contains any representation that it is suitable for an infant to sleep in; and
    3. which is freestanding, or designed to be attached to another structure; and
    4. which has a sleep surface angled more than seven degrees from the horizontal when—
      1. the product is unladen; and
      2. at any angle designed, intended or marketed for sleep; and
      3. the product is at rest, in the case of products that rock or swing; and
    5. excluding medical devices; and
    6. excluding hammocks, being products constructed from a flexible material and suspended from above or either side

medical device has the meaning given in section 3A of the Medicines Act 1981

sleep means any form of sleep, including but not limited to napping

sleep surface means the surface which supports an infant’s head and back.

6. Unsafe goods

Inclined infant sleep products are unsafe goods.

7. Revocation

The Unsafe Goods (Inclined Infant Sleep Products) Notice 2019, published in the New Zealand Gazette, 13 December 2019, Notice No. 2019-go5825, is revoked.

Dated at Wellington this 5th day of August 2020.

Hon KRIS FAAFOI, Minister of Commerce and Consumer Affairs.

Explanatory Note

This note is not part of the notice but is intended to indicate its general effect and consequences.

Inclined infant sleep products have been implicated in at least 73 infant deaths in the United States of America. Products implicated in the United States, and those with similar design and risk characteristics, have been identified as being for sale in New Zealand.

This unsafe goods notice recognises and responds to the risks posed to infants in New Zealand by banning the further supply of new or second-hand inclined infant sleep products. It also recognises that inclined infant sleep products do not align with internationally recognised guidelines for a safe infant sleep environment, which recommend a firm and flat sleep surface.

This notice declares inclined infant sleep products to be unsafe goods and prohibits the supply of the goods for 18 months from the date of publication of the notice in the New Zealand Gazette.

Under section 31(5) of the Fair Trading Act 1986, it is prohibited in New Zealand to supply, or offer to supply, or advertise to supply, goods which are declared to be unsafe goods.

Under section 33 of the Fair Trading Act and section 96 of the Customs and Excise Act 2018, it is prohibited to import into New Zealand goods which are declared to be unsafe goods under clause 6 of this notice.